Killeen, in Bell County, Texas, is a busy city about 70 miles north of Austin. The townsite was essentially uninhabited up until the Gulf, Colorado and also Santa Fe Railroad laid its tracks through central Texas in 1882. The railway company platted the community of Killeen on its right of way and also within a year, numerous stores, a cocktail lounge, a railroad depot, and a college appeared on its streets. Citizens of bordering communities relocated to Killeen to make use of possibilities managed the town as a railroad terminus. Killeen quickly ended up being the facility of local agriculture, delivering cotton as well as livestock to market from its railway cars and trucks.
The community’s late 19th as well as very early 20th century residential properties day from this duration of farming success. Growth slowed down to a halt during the Great Anxiety of the 1930s yet activity returned to when close-by Camp Hood was produced as a significant training ground for UNITED STATE soldiers throughout World War II. Although the armed forces kept the community’s economic climate active in the mid-to-late 1940s, it made few contributions to the city’s building stock and framework, maybe as a result of the short-term nature of its period in the location. After the battle, the community’s future was uncertain, however when the Camp Hood was re-commissioned in 1950 as Fort Hood, a permanent army article, people crowded to Killeen to provide goods and solutions for the expanding facility.
Fort Hood’s permanent status as well as growth straight impacted Killeen’s populace and also structure boom in the 1950s. The city’s populace greater than doubled from about 1,300 in 1949 to 7,045 the following year on the strength of the base presence. During that year, nearly 100 brand-new business structures rose in the city’s midtown core. Due in large part to the visibility of Fort Hood in the postwar era, downtown Killeen possesses a large number of industrial resources bearing modern architectural impacts from that period.
The Killeen Downtown Historic District is filled with a mix of late-19th/ early 20th-century business buildings as well as postwar industrial structures in almost equal numbers. Some of the postwar buildings present distinctively contemporary architectural attributes. Though a number of its buildings have been become some degree, the area is significant for its focus of historic-age sources standing for Killeen’s 2 most influential periods of growth and advancement. Because the area has such an unique cluster of historic-age buildings and because its postwar style is notable for its Modern design as well as kind, it is chosen to the National Register of Historic Places under Criterion A, Community Preparation as well as Growth and Armed force, and under Standard C, Design, at the neighborhood level of value. The district’s period of significance is 1895-1964.